As states have opened back up, some are now tightening restrictions, and travelers may not be free to come and go as they please amid the coronavirus pandemic.
USA TODAY has an update on the states that are discouraging interstate travel by requiring or recommending that visitors and residents returning from other states quarantine. And some states are requiring a recent, negative COVID-19 test in lieu of a blanket quarantine policy.
Some counties or municipalities have issued similar advice to travelers, so anyone looking to go on a road trip or take a summer vacation should check government websites for their destination and anywhere they plan to stop overnight.
Here are the states that require or recommend traveler quarantines:
Gov. Mike Dunleavy announced that beginning August 11, non-Alaska residents need a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours before arrival in the state or proof they are waiting on results from a test taken in that 72-hour period. Non-residents without a pre-test can get one on arrival, though for a price.
“If a non-resident arrives without a pre-test, testing is available for $250 per test,” according to a policy on the state’s website. “The traveler will be required to quarantine while waiting on results.”
Testing is free for Alaska residents.
The previous policy, below, will stay in effect through August 10.
Dunleavy and the state’s Department of Health and Social Services lifted the state’s mandatory 14-day quarantine for travelers. Both interstate and international travelers can come to Alaska as long as they meet the following requirements:
If tested within 72 hours to five days before they leave their destination, they can come into Alaska with proof of a negative PCR coronavirus test. They can’t enter if the test is positive.
Alternately, if they had a negative PCR test within five days of departure, they can retest upon arrival in Alaska. They should minimize contact until the results of the second test come in.
If the traveler is a member of the critical infrastructure workforce, as determined by the state, they have to adhere to their company’s community protective plan the state has on file.
If none of the above applies (the traveler doesn’t have a test result, rejects testing, or is not a critical worker), that person must quarantine for 14 days.
While the state no longer mandates a 14-day quarantine for visitors, it still asks that Arkansans consider doing so when returning from travel to affected areas.
Effective June 25, the state will require a 14-day quarantine for any visitor or resident returning from a region with a transmission rate of 10 positive tests for every 100,000 residents on a seven-day rolling average.
Click here for the full list.
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District of Columbia
Washington, D.C. will require travelers coming to the city to self-quarantine for 14 days if they are arriving from a high-risk area on nonessential travel.
D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser said July 24 that the self-quarantine requirement would take effect the following week. Maryland and Virginia, which border D.C., are exempt from the order, but other states that see a seven-day moving average of new COVID-19 cases at 10 or more per 100,000 people will be affected.
As of Sept. 8, the updated list of “high-risk states” that require a 14-day self-quarantine include: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, and Wisconsin.
Effective Aug. 6, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis rescinded the state’s14-day quarantine rule for visitors from New York, New Jersey and Connecticut.
With the number of COVID-19 cases growing in the Aloha State, Hawaii Gov. David Ige said on Aug. 6 that he would reinstate the 14-day quarantine requirement for people traveling between the islands beginning Aug. 11, while making an exception for people arriving on Oahu from the other counties.
“I have been working closely with all of our county mayors and we agree that reinstating the inter-island travel quarantine is necessary and the right thing to do at this time. We must protect our neighbor island residents in light of the alarming increase in COVID-19 cases on O‘ahu,” Ige said.
Hawaii, which has been aggressive in enforcing its quarantine rules, originally lifted the inter-island quarantine rule on June 16.
On July 13, Gov. David Ige announced he was delaying the start of a program that would allow out-of-state visitors with a negative COVID-19 test to bypass quarantine by at least one month to Sept. 1.
Scratch that August trip to Hawaii: The state just extended its quarantine until Sept. 1
The city of Chicago is requiring visitors from certain states to quarantine for 14 days upon arrival or face possible fines.
Check here for weekly updates on Tuesdays.
The state requires a 14-day quarantine for those heading to Kansas who have traveled domestically and been at gatherings of more than 500 people, beginning on or after Aug. 11.
Under a new advisory announced Monday, Kentuckians who travel to nine hot spot states reporting positive testing rates equal or greater than 15% are now recommended to undergo a 14-day self-quarantine. The states included in Kentucky Gov. Andy Beshear’s travel advisory are Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Nevada, South Carolina, Texas and Mississippi.
Beshear said case clusters have been traced to residents who have recently returned from vacations or attended large gatherings such as block parties or barbecues.
Maine’s Department of Health and Human Services requires travelers to the state to self-quarantine for 14 days unless they can present a negative PCR test no older than 72 hours. Residents of New Hampshire and Vermont are exempt, as well as the tri-state contingent of Connecticut, New Jersey and New York.
Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan on July 29 issued a travel advisory urging residents to avoid visiting some states with rapidly increasing cases of coronavirus.
The travel advisory applies to states with positive test rates of or higher than 10%. As of July 29, that would include Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Nebraska, South Carolina and Texas.
Hogan said if people must visit those states, they should immediately be tested upon returning to Maryland and quarantine themselves until learning the results.
As of Aug. 1, everyone coming into Massachusetts (except those coming from lower-risk states) must quarantine for 14 days or show a negative COVID-19 test result administered up to 72 hours in advance of their arrival. If the test results haven’t come in before travelers get to Massachusetts, they quarantine until the results are in.
Anyone entering the state has to fill out a travel form before entering, also as of Aug. 1. However, those traveling from lower-risk states or who meet other exemptions won’t have to do so. Details here.
People who don’t follow the rules could be subject to a $500 fine per day.
Nebraskans returning from international travel and visitors coming to the state for less than 14 days should self-quarantine for the duration of their visit. The recommendation excludes health care workers, commuters and certain other groups.The recommendation excludes health care workers, commuters and certain other groups.
Under the state’s “Safer at Home” guidelines, it requests – but does not require – out-of-state visitors who will be staying in New Hampshire for an extended period of time to self-quarantine for 14 days.
Travelers flying into New Jersey from so-called hot spot states where coronavirus is spiking will be asked to fill out a survey starting July 20.
The announcement came from state health Commissioner Judith Persichilli more than three weeks after Gov. Phil Murphy joined his counterparts in New York and Connecticut to announce a mandatory 14-day quarantine for visitors arriving from states with high numbers of positive cases.
Keep up with the list here.
On June 1, the state allowed more exemptions to the state’s 14-day quarantine requirement for anyone entering through an airport or anywhere from out of state. In addition to airline, military and essential workers, business travelers and those appearing pursuant to a court order do not have to quarantine.
Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham allowed more exemptions to the two-week quarantine policy ahead of Labor Day weekend, announcing that she will waive quarantine restrictions on travelers arriving from low-risk states by land or air starting Sept. 4. Individuals who can show documentation of a valid, negative COVID-19 test taken within the 72 hours before or after entry into the state are also exempt.
Plus, hotel occupancy limits are being raised from 50% to 75% when a certification for safe practices is completed.
States are considered low risk if they have a 5% positivity rate or lower, or a new case rate below 80 per million residents — each calculated over a 7-day rolling average. As of Sept. 3, low-risk states include Colorado, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Wyoming and Washington.
All out-of-state travelers still are encouraged by health authorities to self-isolate and undergo testing for COVID-19 within five to seven days of arrival in the state.
Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s state, which was the U.S. epicenter of the pandemic early on, is also requiring visitors and residents returning from from out of state to quarantine for 14 days. Check the list.
People traveling to Ohio from states with positive COVID-19 testing rates of 15% or higher are subject to the state’s new travel advisory. Stay up-to-date here.
Pennsylvanians should quarantine for 14 days when returning from the following states: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas. The state’s health department encourages those who traveled or plan to travel to an area with high coronavirus case counts to stay home for 14 days after their trips.
Rhode IslandAn Army National Guard soldier waits to inform those arriving at an airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, on March 30, 2020, of an order for all travelers to self-quarantine for 14 days.
You must self-quarantine for 14 days or provide a negative COVID-19 test within 72 hours of arriving in Rhode Island if coming from certain states with a COVID-19 positivity rate higher than 5% (check here for the up-to-date list). You can leave quarantine if you receive a negative test result once in the state.
The state recommends that travelers returning from an area with widespread or ongoing community spread stay home for a period of 14 days from the date of departure.
The state asks visitors or returning residents to quarantine if they’ve been in high-risk areas.
Effective June 15, “Visitors and travelers coming to Vermont by plane, bus or train ─ or those who make stops in a personal vehicle ─ must quarantine for 14 days when they arrive,” the state health department said.
Visitors may either:
Traveling by car: Quarantine in their home state for 14 days before traveling in their personal vehicle and making no stops.
Traveling using commercial transportation or driving with stops: Quarantine for 14 days at a lodging facility in Vermont
The state Department of Health recommends a 14-day self-quarantine for those who have traveled internationally, on a cruise ship or river boat, or to a U.S. area where COVID-19 circulated widely in the community.
The Bureau of Public Health’s most recent COVID-19 bulletin “recommends state residents with plans to vacation in a crowded area be extremely cautious, practice social distancing and wear a face mask, and those who have traveled or are traveling to a large or crowded vacation area to self-monitor/quarantine for 14 days upon return.”
The Department of Health Services says that certain cities and counties in the state may subject travelers to stay at home or self-quarantine for 14 days.
Contributing: Ryan Miller, Curtis Tate, Bill Keveney, Hannah Yasharoff, Nicquel Terry Ellis, Jorge L. Ortiz, USA TODAY; Jon Campbell, New York State Team – USA TODAY Network; Reno Gazette Journal; York Daily Record; The Associated Press
This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: Travel restrictions: The states where visitors must quarantine